ALSPAC – Age 11.5 – Higher Conceptual Reasoning (Bike Drawing Task)

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The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) assessed their cohort members (CMs) during the study’s age 11 sweep (Focus 11+ Clinic) using a measure of Higher Conceptual Reasoning (Bike Drawing Task).

Details on this measure and the data collected from the CMs are outlined in the table below.


Domain:General ability (perceptual)
Measures:Higher conceptual reasoning
Mechanical reasoning
Visuographing functioning
CHC:General ability (G)
Administration method:Trained interviewer; clinical setting; pen and paper
Procedure:The child was asked to draw a bicycle within a box on a piece of A4 paper. They were given a maximum of 3 minutes to complete the task, and were prompted with 30 seconds remaining. They were scored on whether any of 12 basic items necessary for a bike to function were present in the drawing (e.g. wheels, handlebars). A further 10 more detailed items were also scored (e.g. basket, bell), as were 3 possible background aspects of the picture (road, landscape, sky).
Link to questionnaire:http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/researchers/our-data/clinical-measures/ (opens in new tab)
Scoring:In the early stages, each criterion was scored present/absent. However, additional coding was required to note whether an item was functional (e.g. pedals attached to frame), and scoring was later amended to Yes, functional; Yes, not functional and No. There is a summary variable that indicates which coding scheme was used. According to the latest ALSPAC documentation, early data is currently being recoded to the new format.
Item-level variable(s):febd001 - febd101
Total score/derived variable(s):febd020a - febd071
Descriptives:Raw score
N = 4,296
Range = 0 - 16
Mean = 6.08
SD = 2.70
(click image to enlarge)
Age of participants:Mean (months) = 140.97, SD = 2.86, Range = 125 - 163
Other sweep and/or cohort:None
Source:Designed for study by Professor Dieter Wolke. Based on similar tasks that have been used for decades, e.g. Piaget, J. (1930).
Technical resources:None
Reference examples:Unknown

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This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.