The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) assessed their cohort members (CMs) at 49 months’ age (Children in Focus Clinic) using a measure of Short-term Memory (Digit Span Test).
Details on this measure and the data collected from the CMs are outlined in the table below.
|CHC:||Gsm (Short-term memory)|
|Administration method:||Trained interviewer; clinical setting; questions answered orally|
|Procedure:||The child was presented with a spoken series of digits and asked to recall them immediately in sequence. A practice session was administered first. Sequence lists were then read aloud, beginning with a 2-number sequence. If the child correctly answered the first 3 lists of a particular sequence length, the length of the list was increased by one number. The outcome was the maximum digit span reached.|
|Link to questionnaire:||http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/researchers/our-data/clinical-measures/ (opens in new tab)|
|Scoring:||Max digit span reached (0 - 8)|
|Item-level variable(s):||Not readily available|
|Total score/derived variable(s):||cf861|
|N = 844|
|Range = 1 - 23|
|Mean = 10.36|
|SD = 2.88|
|(click image to enlarge)
|Age of participants:||Mean = 212.39 weeks, SD = 1.63, Range = 207 - 221|
|Other sweep and/or cohort:||ALSPAC – Age 5 – Short-Term Memory (Digit Span Test)
|NCDS – Child of CM (Multi-Age) – WISC-R Digit Span Subscale|
|BCS70 – Age 10 – BAS Recall of Digits
|Source:||Gathercole, S. E., & Pickering, S. J. (2000). Assessment of working memory in six-and seven-year-old children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(2), 377.|
|Reference examples:||Gathercole, S. E., Briscoe, J., Thorn, A., Tiffany, C., & ALSPAC Study Team. (2008). Deficits in verbal long-term memory and learning in children with poor phonological short-term memory skills. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(3), 474-490.|
- Overview of all cognitive measures in ALSPAC
- Overview of childhood cognitive measures across all studies
This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.