ALSPAC – Age 5 – Short-Term Memory (Non-word Repetition)

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The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) assessed their cohort members (CMs) at 61 months’ age (Children in Focus Clinic) using a measure of Short-term Memory (Nonword Repetition).

Details on this measure and the data collected from the CMs are outlined in the table below.


Domain:Verbal memory
Measures:Short-term memory
Memory Span
CHC:Gsm (Short-term memory)
Administration method:Trained interviewer; clinical setting; questions answered orally
Procedure:The child was presented with 40 nonwords (10 each containing 2, 3, 4 and 5 syllables) played on an audio cassette recorder. The child was asked to repeat each item after it was played. The number of correctly repeated words at each syllable length was recorded.
Link to questionnaire:http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/researchers/our-data/clinical-measures/ (opens in new tab)
Scoring:Number of correct 2 - 5 syllable words (0 - 10)
Total number of correct words (0 - 40)
Item-level variable(s):cf470 - cf476
Total score/derived variable(s):cf475
Descriptives:Raw score
N = 943
Range = 0 - 35
Mean = 17.91
SD = 7.33
(click image to enlarge)
Age of participants (months):Mean = 67.19, SD = 0.8, Range = 65 - 73
Other sweep and/or cohort:ALSPAC – Age 8.5 – Short Term Memory (Non-word Repetition)
Source:Gathercole, S. E., & Baddeley, A. D. (1996). The children's test of nonword repetition. Pearson.
Technical resources:None
Reference examples:Gathercole, S. E., Tiffany, C., Briscoe, J., Thorn, A., & ALSPAC team. (2005). Developmental consequences of poor phonological short-term memory function in childhood: A longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(6), 598-611.
Gathercole, S. E., Briscoe, J., Thorn, A., Tiffany, C., & ALSPAC Study Team. (2008). Deficits in verbal long-term memory and learning in children with poor phonological short-term memory skills. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(3), 474-490.

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This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.