COVID-19 Research Tracker

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This section contains the latest COVID-19 longitudinal research and evidence, including briefing notes, reports, academic publications and articles.

Use the table below to search, sort and filter by study, topic, and geographical coverage.

Download the CLOSER COVID-19 Longitudinal Research and Evidence Tracker
Last updated: 13 May 2021


COVID-19 PublicationDate of publicationLongitudinal studyGeographical coverageType of publicationTopic/themeAccess publication
Pre-school childcare and inequalities in child development2021/06Millennium Cohort StudyNationalArticleChild development; Family structure; Pre-school educationLink to the article
Eyeglasses Reduce Risk of COVID-19 Infection2021/05UK BiobankNationalArticleEyeglasses; Shields; Public healthLink to the article
Changes in health and social well-being in the COVID-19 clinically vulnerable older English population during the pandemic2021/05English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalArticleOlder adults; Well-being; HealthLink to the article
Neurological diseases and COVID-19: prospective analyses using the UK Biobank2021/05UK BiobankNationalArticleNeurological diseases; Comorbidity; Risk factorsLink to the article
Disordered eating and self-harm as risk factors for poorer mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: A population-based cohort study2021/05Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Eating disorders; Self-harmLink to the paper
The association of estimated cardiorespiratory fitness with COVID-19 incidence and mortality: A cohort study2021/05UK BiobankNationalArticleFitness; Cardiorespiratory health; Physical activityLink to the article
Identifying risk factors for COVID-19 severity and mortality in the UK Biobank2021/05UK BiobankNationalArticleRisk factors; Biomarkers; Health behavioursLink to the article
Unemployment and mental health Why both require action for our COVID-19 recovery2021/04Understanding SocietyNationalReportMental health; Unemployment; Social securityLink to the report
COVID-19 and mortality risk in patients with psychiatric disorders2021/04UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Psychiatric disorders; Mortality; Mental healthLink to the paper
Cigarette and E-Cigarettes Dual Users, Exclusive Users and COVID-19: Findings from Four UK Birth Cohort Studies.2021/04Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development StudyNationalArticleSmoking; E-cigarettes; Health behaviourLink to the article
Impact of lockdown on key workers: findings from the
COVID-19 survey in four UK national longitudinal studies
2021/04Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development StudyNationalArticleKey workers; Lockdown; HealthLink to the article
Looking Back to Move Forward: Reflections on the Strengths and Challenges of the COVID-19 UK Mental Health Research Response 2021/04Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Inequalities; Academic researchLink to the article
The impact of reduced working on mental health in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic: results from the Understanding Society COVID-19 study 2021/04Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Employment; FurloughLink to the article
Mental health inequalities in healthcare, economic, and housing disruption during COVID-19: an investigation in 12 longitudinal studies2021/04Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and Development; Understanding Society; English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; Generation Scotland; TwinsUK; Adult Twin Registry; Genetic Links to Anxiety and Depression StudyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Health care; HousingLink to the paper
Mental health and social interactions of older people with physical disabilities in England during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal cohort study2021/04English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalArticleMental health; Older adults; Physical disabilitiesLink to the article
London coronavirus economy tracker: Tracking the impact of coronavirus on the capital's economy - April 20212021/04Understanding SocietyRegionalReportLockdown; Labour market; UnemploymentLink to the report
Dementia is an age‐independent risk factor for severity and death in COVID‐19 inpatients2021/04UK BiobankNationalArticleDementia; Epidemiology; HospitalizationLink to the article
Association of working shifts, inside and outside of healthcare, with severe COVID−19: an observational study2021/04UK BiobankNationalArticleShift work; Health care workers; EthnicityLink to the article
More Frequent Internet Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic Associates with Enhanced Quality of Life and Lower Depression Scores in Middle-Aged and Older Adults 2021/04English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalArticleInternet use; Quality of life; DepressionLink to the article
Finances and Mental Health during the Covid-19 Pandemic2021/04Understanding SocietyNationalReportFinancial circumstances; Mental health; InequalitiesLink to the report
Vaccine side-effects and SARS-CoV-2 infection after vaccination in users of the COVID Symptom Study app in the UK: a prospective observational study 2021/04TwinsUK / COVID Symptom TrackerNationalArticleVaccination; Side-effects; Risk factorsLink to the article
Pre-pandemic mental and physical health as predictors of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy: evidence from a UK-wide cohort study2021/04Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Vaccine hesitancy; Mental health; Physical healthLink to the paper
The immediate and longer-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and wellbeing of older adults in England2021/04English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Older adults; Socioeconomic inequalitiesLink to the paper
Social deprivation as a risk factor for COVID-19 mortality among women and men in the UK Biobank: nature of risk and context suggests that social interventions are essential to mitigate the effects of future pandemics2021/04UK BiobankNationalArticleSocial deprivation; Pandemics; GenderLink to the article
Hepatic Steatosis, Rather Than Underlying Obesity, Increases the Risk of Infection and Hospitalization for COVID-192021/03UK BioankNationalArticleObesity; Liver health; BiogeneticsLink to the article
Older biological age is associated with adverse COVID-19 outcomes: A cohort study in UK Biobank2021/03UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Biological age; Risk factors; Genetic factorsLink to the paper
Changing living arrangements and stress during Covid-19 lockdown: Evidence from four birth cohorts in the UK2021/03Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalArticleLiving arrangements; Stress; LockdownLink to the article
Association analysis framework of genetic and exposure risks for COVID-19 in middle-aged and elderly adults2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleGenetics; Comorbidity; Health behavioursLink to the article
School closures and
children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties
2021/03Understanding SocietyNationalReportSchool closures; Mental health; Well beingLink to the report
Shift work is associated with increased risk of COVID‐19: Findings from the UK Biobank cohort2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleShift work; Sleep; Vulnerable groupsLink to the article
Biological Aging Predicts Vulnerability to COVID-19 Severity in UK Biobank Participants2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleAgeing; Phenotype; Biological markersLink to the article
Cardiometabolic risk factors for COVID-19 susceptibility and severity: A Mendelian randomization analysis2021/03UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Epidemiology; Obesity; Cardiometabolic diseaseLink to the paper
Non-communicable disease, sociodemographic factors, and risk of death from infection: a UK Biobank observational cohort study2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleMortality; Comorbidities; Socioeconomic statusLink to the article
Couples’ Changing Work Patterns in the United Kingdom and the United States during the COVID‐19 Pandemic2021/03Understanding SocietyNationalArticleEmployment patterns; Gender roles; Human capitalLink to the article
The careers
and time use of mothers and fathers
2021/03Understanding SocietyNationalReportParents; Time use; Employment patterns; Gender gapLink to the report
Ethnic minorities and COVID-19: Examining whether excess risk is mediated through deprivation2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleEthnic minorities; Material deprivation; Socioeconomic inequalityLink to the article
Limits of lockdown: characterising essential contacts during strict physical distancing2021/03Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Social contacts; Distancing; Health inequalitiesLink to the paper
Sarcopenic obesity and the risk of hospitalisation or death from COVID-19: findings from UK Biobank2021/03UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Obesity; Muscle mass; Risk factorsLink to the paper
Face covering adherence is positively associated with better mental health and wellbeing: a longitudinal analysis of the CovidLife surveys2021/03Generation ScotlandDevolved NationsPre-print (awaiting peer review)Face masks; Mental health; Well beingLink to the paper
The impact of Covid-19 on food security: a qualitative analysis of the rise in London’s existing food insecurity due to the financial impact of Covid-192021/03Understanding SocietyRegionalArticleFood security; Inequalities; Ethnic minoritiesLink to the article
Mental health in relation to changes in sleep, exercise, alcohol and diet during the COVID-19 pandemic: examination of five UK cohort studies2021/03Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development StudyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Exercise; Alcohol; SleepLink to the paper
Socioeconomic Inequalities and Ethnicity Are Associated with a Positive COVID-19 Test among Cancer Patients in the UK Biobank Cohort 2021/03UK BiobankNationalArticleCancer; Ethnic groups; InequalitiesLink to the article
Life in lockdown: a telephone survey to investigate the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on the lives of older people (≥75 years)2021/03Born BradfordRegionalArticleOlder adults; Anxiety; Social distancingLink to the article
A Review and Response to the Early Mental Health and Neurological Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic 2021/02Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Well-being; Mental health; Neurological effectsLink to the paper
Obesity, walking pace and risk of severe COVID-19 and mortality: analysis of UK Biobank2021/02UK BiobankNationalArticleObesity; Frailty; WalkingLink to the article
Impact of body composition on COVID-19 susceptibility and severity: a two-sample multivariable Mendelian randomization study2021/02UK BiobankNationalArticleBody composition; Biogenetics; ObesityLink to the article
Heterogeneous Mental Health Development During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United Kingdom2021/02Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Psychological distress trajectories; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Genetic predisposition to psychiatric disorders and risk of COVID-192021/02UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Psychiatric disorders; Genetics; Mental healthLink to the paper
Gout, rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of death from COVID-19: an analysis of the UK Biobank2021/02UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Gout; Rheumatoid arthritis; ComorbiditiesLink to the paper
Vitamin D and COVID-19 Susceptibility and Severity in the COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative: a Mendelian Randomization Stud2021/02UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Vitamin D; Genetics; PhysiologyLink to the paper
New self-reported exhaustion during the COVID-19 Pandemic2021/02The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportExhaustion; Mental health; MultimorbiditiesLink to the report
Pre-pandemic cognitive function and COVID-19 mortality: prospective cohort study2021/02UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Cognitive function; Mortality; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Everybody hurts: Self-employment, financial concerns, mental distress, and well-being during COVID-192021/02Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; financial wellbeing; Self-employmentLink to the article
Explaining ethnicity disparities in COVID-19 mortality: population-based, prospective cohort study2021/02UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Ethnic groups; Mortality; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Work less, help out more? The persistence of gender inequality in housework and childcare during UK COVID-192021/02Understanding SocietyNationalArticleHousework; Child care; Gender inequalityLink to the article
COVID-19 mortality in the UK Biobank cohort: revisiting and evaluating risk factors2021/02Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMortality; Comorbidities; EthnicityLink to the article
Early life factors and COVID-19 infection in England: A prospective analysis of UK Biobank participan2021/02UK BiobankNationalArticleMaternal smoking; Birth weight; Early lifeLink to the article
COVID-19 Shielding Programme (Scotland)
rapid evaluation: full report.
2021/02Understanding SocietyDevolved NationsReportShielding; Programme evaluation; Food supportLink to the report
TeenCovidLife Survey 2 General Report
Health and wellbeing of young people in lockdown
2021/02Generation ScotlandDevolved NationsReportYoung people; Well being; StressLink to the report
TeenCovidLife Survey 2 - Schooling Mini Report
Cancelled SQA exams - impact on young people
2021/02Generation ScotlandDevolved NationsReportYoung people; Schooling; QualificationsLink to the report
Different Mental Health Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Latent Class Trajectory Analysis Using Longitudinal UK Data2021/02Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Financial difficulties; Deprived areasLink to the paper
Welfare resilience at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in a selection of European countries: impact on public finance and household incomes2021/02Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperHousehold income; Public finances; Welfare stateLink to the paper
Covid-19 lockdown: Ethnic differences in children’s self-reported physical activity and the importance of leaving the home environment. A longitudinal and cross-sectional study from the Born in Bradford birth cohort study2021/02Born in BradfordRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Physical activity; Play; Child health; Ethnic differencesLink to the paper
COVID‑19 mortality in the UK Biobank cohort: revisiting and evaluating risk factors2021/02UK BiobankNationalArticleMortality; Risk factors; ComorbiditiesLink to the article
Preparing for COVID-19 vaccination: important learnings from the Irish Longitudinal
Study on Ageing (TILDA)
2021/01The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportPublic health; Physical activity; VaccinationLink to the report
Altered lives in a time of crisis:
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of older adults in Ireland
2021/01The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportOlder adults; Social care; Well-beingLink to the report
Individual factors underlie temperature variation in sickness and in health: influence of age, BMI and genetic factors in a multi-cohort study2021/01TwinsUKNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Ageing; BMI; BiogeneticsLink to the paper
Habitual use of vitamin D supplements and risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection: a prospective study in UK Biobank2021/01UK BiobankNationalArticleVitamin D; Biogenetics; SupplementsLink to the article
Medium-run wealth inequality following COVID-19 2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteWealth inequality; Recession; Low-income householdsLink to the briefing
Tracking the mental health of home-carers during the first COVID-19 national lockdown: evidence from a nationally representative UK survey2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Unpaid carers; Mental health; LockdownLink to the paper
RuralCovidLife Survey General Report: Health and wellbeing of rural communities in Scotland 2021/01Generation ScotlandDevolved nationsReportRural communities; Well-being; EmploymentLink to the report
The impact of disability on employment and financial security following the outbreak of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic in the UK2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalArticleDisability; Financial insecurity; EmploymentLink to the article
Working parents, financial insecurity, and childcare: mental health in the time of COVID-19 in the UK2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalArticleFinancial insecurity; Child care; Mental healthLink to the article
The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns: a review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies and natural experiments 2021/01Understanding Society, Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, Generation ScotlandNational, Devolved nationsArticle (Meta-analysis)Mental health; Well-being; LockdownLink to the article
Poor metabolic health increases COVID-19-related mortality in the UK Biobank sample2021/01UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Metabolic health; Obesity; HypertensionLink to the paper
No evidence that vitamin D is able to prevent or affect the severity of COVID-19 in individuals with European ancestry: a Mendelian randomisation study of open data2021/01UK BiobankNationalArticleVitamin D; Genetics; AncestryLink to the article
Association of Timing and Balance of Physical Activity and Rest/Sleep With Risk of COVID-19: A UK Biobank Study2021/01UK BiobankNationalArticleHealth behaviour; Sleep; Physical activityLink to the article
Using machine learning to predict COVID-19 infection and severity risk among 4,510 aged adults: a UK Biobank cohort study2021/01UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Risk profile; Serology; DemographicsLink to the paper
The Heterogeneous and Regressive Consequences of COVID-19: Evidence from High Quality Panel Data2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperEmployment; Inequalities; Financial distressLink to the paper
COVID-19 and mental health deterioration by ethnicity and gender in the UK2021/01Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Ethnicity; InequalitiesLink to the article
Cognitive disorders associated with hospitalization of COVID-19: Results from an observational cohort study2021/01UK BiobankNationalArticleCognitive disorders; Dementia; GeneticsLink to the article
Links between air pollution and COVID-19 in England2021/01UK BiobankNationalArticleAir pollution; Nitrogen oxide; MortalityLink to the article
Vulnerabilities in child wellbeing among primary school children: a cross-sectional study in Bradford, UK2021/01Born in BradfordRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Well-being; Primary school; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Labour market shocks during the Covid-19 pandemic: inequalities and child outcomes2020/12Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperLabour market; Earnings; InequalitiesLink to the report
Downturn In Workers’ Mental And Financial
Wellbeing During Covid-19: Hardest Hit Are Those That Can Least Afford It
2020/12Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing reportMental health; Financial wellbeing; InequalitiesLink to the report
Coronavirus and the social impacts on different ethnic groups in the UK: 20202020/12Understanding SocietyNationalReportEthnic groups; Socioeconomic inequalities; Mental healthLink to the report
Physical activity and COVID-19: an observational and Mendelian randomisation study2020/12UK BiobankNationalArticlePhysical activity; Health behaviours; BiogeneticsLink to the article
Predictors of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the UK Household Longitudinal Study2020/12Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Vaccine hesitancy; Demographics; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Face covering adherence is positively associated with better mental health and wellbeing: a longitudinal analysis of the CovidLife surveys2020/12Generation ScotlandDevolved nationsPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Compliance; Face coveringsLink to the paper
Loneliness and depression in patients with cancer during COVID-192020/12Understanding SocietyNationalArticleLoneliness; Cancer; Mental healthLink to the article
Exploring drugs and vaccines associated with altered risks and severity of COVID-19: a UK Biobank cohort study of all ATC level-4 drug categories2020/12UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Vaccines; Medication; ComorbiditiesLink to the paper
Shift work is associated with positive COVID-19 status in hospitalised patients2020/12UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Health care workers; Shift work; HospitalizationLink to the paper
Prevalence of COVID-19, symptoms and testing: Initial
findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies.
2020/12Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing paperPrevalence; Symptoms; GenerationsLink to the paper
Collider bias undermines our understanding
of COVID-19 disease risk and severity
2020/12UK BiobankNationalArticleRisk factors; Sampling bias; EpidemiologyLink to the article
The association between blood groups and COVID-19 infection: a study from the UK Biobank2020/12UK BiobankNationalArticleBlood group; Hospitalization; InfectionLink to the article
Understanding Covid-19 misinformation and vaccine hesitancy in context: Findings from a qualitative study involving citizens in Bradford, UK2020/12Born in BradfordRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Misinformation; Vaccine hesitancy; EmotionsLink to the paper
Unmet health care need and income-related horizontal equity in access during the Covid-19 pandemic2020/11Understanding SocietyNationalArticleHealth care; Income inequality; Access to servicesLink to the article
The Impact of Periodontal Disease on Hospital Admission and Mortality During COVID-19 Pandemic2020/11UK BiobankNationalArticleOral health; Hospitalization; MortalityLink to the article
Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for COVID-19, and comparison to risk factors for influenza and pneumonia: Results from a UK Biobank prospective cohort study2020/11UK BiobankNationalArticleRisk factors; Influenza; Pneumonia; Health behaviourLink to the article
High-Risk Drinking in Midlife Before Versus During the COVID-19 Crisis: Longitudinal Evidence From the United Kingdom2020/111970 British Cohort StudyNationalArticleAlcohol consumption; Mental health; Health behavioursLink to the article
'When will this end? Will it end?' The impact of the March-June 2020 UK Covid-19 lockdown response on mental health: a longitudinal survey of mothers in the Born in Bradford study2020/11Born in BradfordRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Motherhood; EthnicityLink to the paper
Alcohol Consumption is Associated with Poor Prognosis in Obese Patients with COVID-19: a Mendelian Randomization Study using UK Biobank2020/11UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Alcohol consumption; Obesity; EthnicityLink to the paper
Psychological distress among people with probable COVID-19 infection: analysis of the UK Household Longitudinal Study2020/11Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Psychological distress; Mental health; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Clinical, regional, and genetic characteristics of Covid-19 patients from UK Biobank 2020/11UK BiobankNationalArticleEthnicity; Inequalities; GeneticsLink to the article
Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in two longitudinal UK population cohorts. 2020/11Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children / Generation ScotlandRegionalArticleMental health; Anxiety; Well-beingLink to the article
Problem drinking before and during the COVID-19 crisis in US and UK adults: Evidence from two population-based longitudinal studies2020/11Understanding SocietyNationalArticleAlcohol consumption; Mental health; Health behavioursLink to the article
‘Her whole little life has changed dramatically’ Findings of a qualitative study into children’s mental wellbeing in Bradford during Covid-19 2020/11Born in BradfordRegionalReportMental health; Anxiety; Well beingLink to the report
Changing probability of experiencing food insecurity by socioeconomic and demographic groups during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK2020/11Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Food security; Inequalities; UnemploymentLink to the paper
Household
composition, couples’ relationship quality, and social support during lockdown - Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies.
2020/11Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing paperHousehold composition; Couples; Social supportLink to the paper
In their own words: five generations of Britons describe their experiences of the coronavirus pandemic. Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies2020/11Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing paperSocial isolation; Mental health; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Understanding Society COVID-19 Survey Briefing Note: Social cohesion –
what has changed during the coronavirus outbreak?
2020/11Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteSocial cohesion; Deprivation; Ethnic minoritiesLink to the briefing note
Comparison of two different frailty measurements and risk of hospitalisation or death from COVID-19: findings from UK Biobank.2020/11UK BiobankNationalArticleFrailty; Lifestyle; HospitalisationLink to the article
Is older age associated with COVID-19 mortality in the absence of other risk factors? General population cohort study of 470,034 participants.2020/11UK BiobankNationalArticleOld age; Mortality; ComorbiditiesLink to the article
Frailty and comorbidity in predicting community COVID-19 mortality in the UK Biobank: the effect of sampling2020/10UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Frailty; Comorbidity; MortalityLink to the paper
Coming together or coming apart? Changes in social cohesion during the Covid-19 pandemic in England2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalArticleSocial cohesion; Trust; NeighbourhoodsLink to the article
At the edge of the
safety net: Unsuccessful benefits claims at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic
2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalReportBenefits claimants; Inequalities; Mental healthLink to the report
Experiences of lockdown during the Covid-19 pandemic: descriptive findings from a survey of families in the Born in Bradford study2020/10Born in BradfordRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Anxiety; Financial insecurity; FamiliesLink to the paper
Generation COVID: Emerging Work and Education Inequalities 2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperUnemployment; Learning; GenerationsLink to the paper
Fare differently, feel differently: mental well-being of UK-born and foreign-born working men during the COVID-19 pandemic European Societies2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Gender; NationalityLink to the article
MPCs through COVID: spending, saving and private transfers2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperHousehold finances; Consumption; UncertaintyLink to the paper
Work, care and gender during the COVID-19 crisis2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalDiscussion paperGender; Inequalities; CaringLink to the paper
Trust in government and others during the COVID-19 pandemic - Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies. 2020/10Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing paperTrust; Compliance; Social distancingLink to the briefing paper
Carrying the work burden of the COVID-19 pandemic: working class women in the UK2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing NoteGender; Class; Employment; Mental healthLink to the briefing note
Weather Affects Mobility but not Mental Well-being During Lockdown2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperWeather; Lockdown; Mental HealthLink to the paper
Sociodemographic inequality in exposure to COVID-19-induced economic hardship in the United Kingdom2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalArticleInequalities; Economic hardship; EarningsLink to the article
Risk of Depression in Family Caregivers: Unintended Consequence of COVID-192020/10Understanding SocietyNationalArticleDepression; Family caregiving; LonelinessLink to the paper
Half of children entitled to free school meals do not have access to the scheme during the COVID-19 lockdown in the UK2020/10Understanding SocietyNationalArticleFree school meals; Food insecurity; PovertyLink to the paper
Greater risk of severe COVID-19 in Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic populations is not explained by cardiometabolic, socioeconomic or behavioural factors, or by 25(OH)-vitamin D status: study of 1326 cases from the UK Biobank 2020/09UK BiobankNationalArticleEthnicity; Socioeconomic disadvantage; EpidemiologyLink to the article
Financial consequences of the coronavirus pandemic for older people2020/09English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalBriefing NoteOlder people; Financial circumstances; UnemploymentLink to the briefing note
The experience of older people instructed to shield or self-isolate during the COVID-19 pandemic2020/09English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalBriefing NoteOlder people; Self-isolation; Mental healthLink to the briefing note
The experience
of older people with multimorbidity during the COVID-19 pandemic
2020/09English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalBriefing NoteOlder people; Comorbidity; Health behavioursLink to the briefing note
Changes in older people’s
experiences of providing care and of volunteering during the COVID-19 pandemic
2020/09English Longitudinal Study of AgeingNationalBriefing NoteOlder people; Caring; VolunteeringLink to the briefing note
Mental health and health behaviours before and during the COVID-19 lockdown: Longitudinal analyses of the UK Household Longitudinal Study2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Health behaviours; Psychological distressLink to the article
Obesity as a risk factor for COVID-19 mortality in women and men in the UK Biobank: comparisons with influenza/pneumonia and coronary heart disease 2020/09UK BiobankNationalArticleObesity; Influenza; ComorbidityLink to the article
Poor inhibitory control and stress as risk-factors for alcohol (mis)use during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: a national cross-sectional study across four generations2020/09Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Alcohol consumption; Stress; Health behavioursLink to the paper
Genetic mechanisms of critical illness in Covid-192020/09Generation Scotland; UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Genetics; Comorbidity; GenomicsLink to the paper
The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children - A resource for COVID-19 research: Questionnaire data capture May-July 20202020/09Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalData note (awaiting peer review)Cross-generation; Health; Well-being; BehaviourLink to the Data note
Inequality in access to health and care services during lockdown - Findings from the COVID-19 survey in five UK national longitudinal studies2020/09Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Access to health care; Inequalities; Public healthLink to the paper
The impact of asthma on mental health & wellbeing during COVID-19 lockdown2020/09Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Asthma; Self-isolation; Mental healthLink to the paper
COVID-19: has the pandemic affected relationships between children and their non-resident parents?2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing NoteSeparated families; Child maintenance; Parent-child relationshipsLink to the briefing note
Changing living arrangements, family dynamics and stress during lockdown: evidence from four birth cohorts in the UK 2020/09Understanding Society, Millennium Cohort Study; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study;NationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Living arrangements; Stress; LockdownLink to the paper
Occupation and risk of severe COVID-19: prospective cohort study of 120,075 UK Biobank2020/09UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Occupation; Inequalities; Health workersLink to the paper
Prevalence and Predictors of General Psychiatric Disorders and Loneliness during COVID-19 in the United Kingdom: Results from the Understanding Society UKHLS 2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalArticleLoneliness; Mental health; InequalitiesLink to the article
BMI and future risk for COVID-19 infection and death across sex, age and ethnicity: preliminary findings from UK biobank2020/09UK BiobankNationalArticleBMI; Physical health; EthnicityLink to the paper
Mental health and health behaviours before and during the COVID-19 lockdown: Longitudinal analyses of the UK Household Longitudinal Study.2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Health behaviours; Psychological distressLink to the paper
Who is lonely in lockdown? Cross-cohort analyses of predictors of loneliness before and during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalArticleCross-cohort; Loneliness; InequalitiesLink to the article
All together now? The impacts of the Government’s coronavirus income support schemes across the age distribution2020/09Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteHousehold income; Financial support; Social securityLink to the briefing note
Risk factors for positive and negative COVID-19 tests: a cautious and in-depth analysis of UK biobank data 2020/08UK BiobankNationalArticleRisk factors; Ethnicity; DisadvantageLink to the article
Longitudinal evidence for persistent anxiety in young adults through COVID-19 restrictions2020/08Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Anxiety; Lockdown; AdolescentsLink to the paper
Gender differences in the impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on unpaid care work and psychological distress in the UK2020/08Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Lockdown; Gender inequalities; Unpaid care workLink to the paper
SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in pregnant women: characterization of symptoms and syndromes predictive of disease and severity through real-time, remote participatory epidemiology2020/08TwinsUKNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Pregnancy; Epidemiology; ComorbidityLink to the paper
Association of obesity and its genetic predisposition with the risk of severe COVID-19: Analysis of population-based cohort data2020/08UK BiobankNationalArticleObesity; Genetics; EpidemiologyLink to the article
Excess cardiovascular deaths in the beginning of COVID-19 outbreak2020/08UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Cardiovascular disease; Mortality; HospitalizationLink to the paper
Vitamin D and COVID-19 infection and mortality in UK Biobank 2020/08UK BiobankNationalArticleVitamin D; Mortality; InequalitiesLink to the article
Genetically-predicted vitamin D status, ambient UVB during the pandemic and COVID-19 risk in UK Biobank: Mendelian Randomisation study2020/08UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Vitamin D; Genetics; SeasonalityLink to the paper
The Born in Bradford COVID-19 Research Study: Protocol for an adaptive mixed methods research study to gather actionable intelligence on the impact of COVID-19 on health inequalities amongst families living in Bradford2020/08Born in BradfordRegionalArticleHealth inequalities; Deprivation; Ethnicity; MethodologyLink to the paper
Who is left behind? Altruism of giving, happiness and mental health during the Covid-19 period in the UK2020/08Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Altruism; Mental health; HappinessLink to the paper
What can previous recessions tell us about the Covid-19 downturn?2020/08Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperRecession; Unemployment; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Estrogen and COVID-19 symptoms: associations in women from the COVID Symptom Study2020/08Twins UK/Symptom StudyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Estrogen; Women; MenopauseLink to the paper
TeenCovidLife Survey 1 General Report
Health and wellbeing of young people in lockdown
2020/08Generation ScotlandDevolved NationsReportYoung people; Well being; StressLink to the report
Working parents, financial insecurity, and child-care: mental health in the time of COVID-192020/08Understanding SocietyNationalDiscussion paperMental health; Child care; Financial insecurityLink to the paper
Mental health during lockdown: evidence from four generations - Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies2020/08Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing NoteMental health; Generations; InequalitiesLink to the briefing note
Intersecting ethnic and native–migrant inequalities in the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK2020/08Understanding SocietyNationalArticleEthnicity; Socioeconomic status; InequalitiesLink to the article
Ethnic differences in effects of COVID-19:
household and local context
2020/08Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing NoteEthnicity; Mental health; Neighbourhood cohesionLink to the briefing note
Loneliness and social isolation in the COVID-19 Pandemic among the over 70s: Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) and ALONE 2020/07The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportLoneliness; Social isolation; Well-beingLink to the report
Dynamic linkage of COVID-19 test results between Public Health England's Second Generation Surveillance System and UK Biobank2020/07UK BiobankNationalArticleEpidemiology; Genetics; MicrobiologyLink to the article
Preexisting Comorbidities Predicting COVID-19 and Mortality in the UK Biobank Community Cohort2020/07UK BiobankNationalArticleComorbidity; Mortality; EpidemiologyLink to the article
Estimates of the rate of infection and asymptomatic COVID-19 disease in a population sample from SE England2020/07Twins UKRegionalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Symptomology; Serology; AntibodiesLink to the paper
Changes in the behavioural determinants of health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: gender, socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in 5 British cohort studies2020/07Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Health behaviour; Gender; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Learning inequalities during the Covid-19 pandemic: how families cope with home-schooling2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalWorking PaperHome schooling; Family structure; Socioeconomic disadvantageLink to the report
Coronavirus and the impact on caring2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalReportCaring; Support; Well beingLink to the report
Finances and employment during lockdown - Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies2020/07Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing NoteFinancial circumstances; Employment; Self-employed workersLink to the briefing note
Parental involvement in home schooling and developmental play during lockdown - Initial findings from the COVID19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies2020/07Millennium Cohort Study; Next Steps; 1970 British Cohort Study; 1958 National Child Development Study; 1946 National Survey of Health and DevelopmentNationalBriefing NoteHome schooling; Child development; ParentingLink to the briefing note
The Effect of the Great Lockdown on Homeworking in the United Kingdom2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalReportHome working; Employment; Well beingLink to the report
Mental health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal probability sample survey of the UK population2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalArticleMental health; Inequalities; EmploymentLink to the article
Sleepless in Lockdown: unpacking differences in sleep loss during the coronavirus pandemic in the UK2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Sleep loss; Ethnicity; Well-beingLink to the paper
Estimating Variation of Covid-19 infection in the Population:Results from Understanding Society (UKHLS) first monthly covid-19 survey2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Infection rates; Ethnicity; Regional disparitiesLink to the paper
Home learning during Covid-19: Findings from the Understanding Society Longitudinal Study2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalReportHome schooling; Inequalities; EthnicityLink to the report
Diagnostic value of skin manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection2020/07COVID Symptom TrackerNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Symptomology; Skin rashes; HospitalizationLink to the paper
Race, socioeconomic deprivation, and hospitalization for COVID-19 in English participants of a national biobank2020/07UK BiobankNationalArticleEthnicity; Socioeconomic status; HospitalizationLink to the article
Vitamin D concentrations and COVID-19 infection in UK Biobank2020/07UK BiobankNationalArticleVitamin D; Ethnicity; InequalitiesLink to the article
Living in poverty was bad for your health before COVID-192020/07Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperPoverty; Inequalities; Public healthLink to the paper
Ethnicity and COVID-19 infection: are the pieces of the puzzle falling into place?2020/07UK BiobankNationalCommentaryEthnicity; Inequalities; DeprivationLink to the commentary
Intersecting household level health and socio-economic vulnerabilities and the COVID-19 crisis: an analysis from the UK2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalArticleHealth inequalities; Household types; EmploymentLink to the article
How has the Covid-19 crisis impacted parents’ relationships with their children?2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalPolicy briefingParenting; Inequalities; Family compositionLink to the briefing
Cut hours, not people: no work, furlough, short hours and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperWorking hours; Mental health; UnemploymentLink to the paper
Understanding Society COVID-19 Survey May Briefing Note: Family relationships2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteParenting; Home schooling; InequalitiesLink to the note
The mental health impact of COVID-19 and pandemic related stressors among adults in the UK2020/07Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Living conditions; WorkLink to the paper
The gender gap in mental well-being during the Covid-19 outbreak: evidence from the UK2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperMental health; Gender; LonelinessLink to the paper
Ethnic disparities in hospitalisation for COVID-19 in England: The role of socioeconomic factors, mental health, and inflammatory and pro-inflammatory factors in a community-based cohort study2020/06UK BiobankNationalArticleEthnicity; Mental health; HospitalizationLink to the article
The mental health effects of the first two months of lockdown and social distancing during the Covid-19 pandemic in the UK2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperMental health; Inequalities; Age groupsLink to the paper
Inequalities in home learning and schools’ provision of distance teaching during school closure of COVID-19 lockdown in the UK2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperHome schooling; inequalities; ethnicityLink to the paper
The effects of coronavirus on household finances and financial distress2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteHousehold finances; Financial distress; EarningsLink to the briefing note
Did the UK policy response to Covid-19 protect household incomes?2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperHousehold income; Employment; EarningsLink to the paper
COVID-19 Survey Briefing Note: Health and caring2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteMental health; Health behaviours; CaringLink to the briefing note
COVID-19 Survey Briefing Note: Home schooling2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteEducation; Household resources; ParentingLink to the briefing note
ALSPAC COVID-19 Questionnaire data (April-May 2020)2020/06Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenRegionalData note (awaiting peer review)Cross-generation; Health; Well-being; BehaviourLink to the Data note
Longitudinal changes in mental health and the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from the UK Household Longitudinal Study.2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Mental health; Well-being; Demographic groupsLink to the paper
Gender inequalities: changes in income, time use and well-being before and during the UK COVID-19 lockdown2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Gender; Inequalities; Well-being; Time useLink to the paper
COVID-19 and associations with frailty and multimorbidity: a prospective analysis of UK Biobank participants 2020/06UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Frailty; Multimorbidity; EpidemiologyLink to the paper
Ethnicity, comorbidity, socioeconomic status, and their associations with COVID-19 infection in England: a cohort analysis of UK Biobank data 2020/06UK BiobankNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Epidemiology; Inequalities; EthnicityLink to the paper
The idiosyncratic impact of an aggregate shock: the distributional consequences of COVID-192020/06Understanding SocietyNationalWorking paperEconomic shocks; Social security; EarningsLink to the paper
Older and ‘staying at home’ during lockdown: informal care receipt during the COVID-19 pandemic amongst people aged 70 and over in the UK2020/06Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Older people; Household composition; Care needsLink to the paper
TILDA Nursing Home Data: A short report to inform COVID-19 responses for our most vulnerable2020/05The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportNursing homes; Mental health; End-of-life careLink to the report
The COVID-19 Pandemic and its Impact on Inequality of Opportunity in Psychological Distress in the UK2020/05Understanding SocietyNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Psychological distress; Occupation; InequalitiesLink to the paper
Obesity and risk of COVID-19: analysis of UK biobank2020/05UK BiobankNationalArticleObesity; Health behaviours; BMILink to the article
COVID-19 Survey Briefing Note: The Economic Effects2020/05Understanding SocietyNationalBriefing noteEconomics; Employment; EarningsLink to the briefing note
Real-time tracking of self-reported symptoms to predict potential COVID-19. 2020/05Twins UKNationalArticleMedicine; Epidemiology; SymptomologyLink to the article
Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19.2020/05Twins UKNationalArticleEpidemiology; Public health; Mobile technologyLink to the article
Lifestyle risk factors, inflammatory mechanisms, and COVID-19 hospitalization: A community-based cohort study of 387,109 adults in UK.2020/05UK BiobankNationalArticleHealth behaviours; Inequalities; ObesityLink to the article
Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in SARS-CoV-2 infection: prospective cohort study using UK Biobank.2020/05UK BiobankNationalArticleHealth behaviours; Inequalities; EthnicityLink to the article
Generation Scotland CovidLife Survey First Report2020/05Generation ScotlandDevolved NationsReportEmployment; Well-being; Mental healthLink to the report
Current tobacco smoking and risk from COVID-19: results from a population symptom app in over 2.4 million people 2020/05TwinsUK / COVID Symptom TrackerNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Symptoms; Smoking; EpidemiologyLink to the paper
How COVID-19 has exposed inequalities in the UK food system: The case of UK food and poverty2020/05Born in BradfordRegionalArticleFood insecurity; Inequalities; PovertyLink to the article
Vitamin D Deficiency in Ireland - Implications for Covid-19. Results from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing2020/04The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportVitamin D; Immunology; Older adultsLink to the report
TILDA Report on Population Estimates of Physical Frailty in
Ireland to Inform Demographics for Over 50s in Ireland during the COVID-19 Pandemic
2020/04The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportFrailty; Physical health; Older adultsLink to the report
High-risk categories for COVID-19 and their distribution by county in Republic of Ireland-evidence from the TILDA study2020/04The Irish Longitudinal Study on AgeingIrelandReportOlder adults; Multimorbidity; ImmunodeficiencyLink to the report
Self-reported symptoms of covid-19 including symptoms most predictive of SARS-CoV-2 infection, are heritable 2020/04TwinsUKNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Symptoms; Heritability; Public healthLink to the paper
Geo-social gradients in predicted COVID-19 prevalence and severity in Great Britain: results from 2,266,235 users of the COVID-19 Symptoms Tracker app 2020/04COVID Symptom TrackerNationalPre-print (awaiting peer review)Inequalities; Public health; DeprivationLink to the paper