The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) assessed their cohort members (CMs) during the study’s age 17.5 sweep (TeenFocus 4) using a measure of Working Memory (N-back Task).
Details on this measure and the data collected from the CMs are outlined in the table below.
|CHC:||Short-Term Memory (Gsm)|
|Administration method:||Trained interviewer; clinical setting; CAPI|
|Procedure:||In the N-Back task, participants were presented with a sequence of stimuli one-by-one. They had to decide whether the current stimulus was the same as the one presented N trials ago. In this case, N was either 1, 2, or 3 trials. The higher the number, the more difficult the task. Visuospatial stimuli (letters and numbers) were used in the trials.|
|Link to questionnaire:||http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/researchers/our-data/clinical-measures/ (opens in new tab)|
|Scoring:||Mean accuracy and median reaction time.|
|Item-level variable(s):||Not readily available|
|Total score/derived variable(s):||FJNB001 - FJNB1000|
|Descriptives:||Mean accuracy to identify non-targets (2-back condition)|
|N = 3,595|
|Range = 0.13 - 1|
|Mean = 0.72|
|SD = 0.23|
|(click image to enlarge)
|Age of participants:||Mean = 213.59 months, SD = 5.46, Range = 195 - 240|
|Other sweep and/or cohort:||None|
|Source:||Kirchner, W. K. (1958). Age differences in short-term retention of rapidly changing information. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55(4), 352.|
|Reference examples:||Wardle, M. C., De Wit, H., Penton-Voak, I., Lewis, G., & Munafo, M. R. (2013). Lack of association between COMT and working memory in a population-based cohort of healthy young adults. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38(7), 1253.|
|Sinclair, L. I., Button, K. S., Munafò, M. R., Day, I. N., & Lewis, G. (2015). Possible association of APOE genotype with working memory in young adults. PloS One, 10(8), e0135894.|
- Overview of all cognitive measures in ALSPAC
- Overview of childhood cognitive measures across all studies
This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.